E46 series BMW 3

since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation

E46 series BMW 3
+ BMW 3 Cars (E46)
- Current leaving and service
   Current leaving
   General information on control
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them. Designation of tires and disks of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Replacement of a filtering element of the air filter
   Checks of brake system
   Replacement of an element of the filter of air of salon
   Check of a condition of driving ridge belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
   Check of functioning of system of cooling and frost resistance of cooling liquid
   Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of oil in a manual box of gear shifting
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Visual check of a body and its bottom
   Check of seat belts
   Rotation and replacement of wheels
   Condition check, replacement of brushes and adjustment of a corner of screen wipers
   Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging
   Replacement of brake liquid
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of fuel system, replacement of the fuel filter. Operation of diesel model in the conditions of winter
   Greasing of loops and locks of doors
   Replacement of a battery of a key of remote control
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ RKPP and transmission line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes


Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering

Components of a steering drive and suspension bracket should be checked regularly. The worn-out or damaged components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive can serve as the reason of excessive and dangerous wear of tires, deteriorations of running characteristics and controllability the car and to fuel consumption increase. For more detailed information on components of a suspension bracket and system of a steering address to Head the Suspension bracket and a steering.

Rack/shock-absorber check

1 Park the car on an equal platform, switch off the engine and cock the parking brake. Check pressure in tires.
2 Press one of car corners, then release it, paying attention to body movement. It should cease to shake and rise in a starting position after one or two musclemen.
3 If the car continues to be shaken or did not come back to a starting position, the possible reason of it is the worn-out or weakened rack of a suspension bracket or the shock-absorber.
4 Repeat the procedure described above for each of three remained corners of the car.
To 5 Poddomkratta the car and reliably establish it on support.
6 Examine racks/shock-absorbers on existence of signs of leakage of hydraulic liquid. The easy film of liquid is not at the bottom for concern. In case of detection of leak make sure that liquid follows from the rack/shock-absorber, instead of from where still. If it nevertheless leak from the rack/shock-absorber, replace racks or shock-absorbers in pair on one bridge (or all four).
7 Check reliability of installation and integrity of racks/shock-absorbers. Check the top support of racks on existence of damages and wear signs. In case of detection of those replace racks or shock-absorbers.
8 In case of need replacements of racks or shock-absorbers address for instructions to Head Brake system. Always replace both components on one bridge, otherwise there can be a threat of safety of the car. If it is possible, try to replace all four components in a set.

Check of a condition of system of a steering and suspension bracket

9 Examine components of system of a steering on existence of damages and deformations. Look for signs of leakage of the liquid, the damaged laying, protective covers and shtutserny connections.
10 Clear the bottom end of a rotary fist. Ask the assistant to grasp bottom edge of a wheel and to shake it, and at this time watch movement of the spherical support connecting a rotary fist to the lever. Examine protective covers of spherical support on existence of gaps. If you find люфт or it is necessary to replace the torn or proceeding protective covers, a spherical support (support).
11 Grasp each of forward wheels for forward and back edges and try to turn it a first line inside, and back outside to check existence люфта in a steering drive. If it is found люфт, check, whether weakened fastenings of the steering mechanism and hinges of steering drafts. If weakened fastenings, tighten them. If weakened steering drafts, worn-out hinges (check at first reliability of a tightening of nuts) can be the reason. Additional information on system of a steering and a suspension bracket can be found in Head Brake system.

Check люфта steering

12 Establish a steering wheel in average situation.

13 Move a steering wheel here and there, watching thus forward wheels. The steering wheel can have люфт no more than 25 mm.

14 At bigger люфте a steering wheel it is necessary to check drafts of a steering, the steering mechanism and люфт bearings of a forward suspension bracket.
15 Strongly move steering drafts a hand. Spherical hinges should not have люфта, otherwise replace hinges or steering drafts.

Check of tips of steering drafts and spherical support

16 Shine with a lamp boots of the top and bottom spherical support at the left and on the right and check, whether they are damaged.

17 Shine with a lamp a boot (shooter) and a protective cover on both steering drafts and check, whether they are damaged.

18 Check reliability of an inhaling of a nut, without turning it thus.
19 With force move a hand steering drafts at the left and on the right. Hinges should not have люфтов. Otherwise replace the corresponding hinge.
20 in the presence of damages of a boot replace the corresponding hinge with a boot. The dirt which has got into the hinge destroys it.